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2022 May 23

Drug Chem Toxicol

Hydromorphone impurity 2,2-bishydromorphone does not exert mutagenic and clastogenic properties via QSAR prediction and Ames and micronucleus test.


The opioid agonist hydromorphone is indicated for the management of severe acute and chronic pain given that alternate treatments are insufficient. While the genotoxicity profile of hydromorphone is well investigated, little is known about the genotoxic potential of its impurities. In this study, 2,2-bishydromorphone was tested and for both its mutagenic potential in an Ames test performed with and tester strains up to a maximum concentration of 5 mg per plate in the absence and presence of metabolic activation. Furthermore, it was tested for its ability to induce micronuclei in TK6 cells in a micronucleus test up to a maximum concentration of 500 µg/mL with or without an exogenous metabolic activation system. 2,2-Bishydromorphone did not reveal any potential for inducing mutagenicity or clastogenicity under the conditions of the respective tests and is therefore considered non-mutagenic and non-clastogenic/aneugenic . These results are in line with negative  quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) prediction for 2,2-bishydromorphone mutagenicity and clastogenicity and provide evidence of good correlation of and in data. Conclusively, these studies add important new clinically relevant information on the safety of hydromorphone as the impurity of 2,2-bishydromorphone is proven to be non-mutagenic and non-clastogenic.