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2022 May 10

Biochem Biophys Res Commun


Cerebroventricular administration of anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide antibody reduces the increase of dopamine D2 receptor observed in the trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis following infraorbital nerve ligation.


A dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) agonist and an anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) antibody were separately reported to reduce neuropathic pain. To further attenuate neuropathic pain, co-administration of a D2R agonist and an anti-CGRP antibody was performed in a rat with the infraorbital nerve (ION) ligation. However, this co-administration showed no further attenuation of mechanical hypersensitivity compared to the administration of anti-CGRP antibody alone. Our results also revealed that D2R immunoreactivity in the trigeminal spinal subnucleus caudalis (Vc) increased following the nerve ligation and decreased following administration of an anti-CGRP antibody. The ratio of immunoreactive neurons of phosphorylated cyclic adenosine monophosphate-response-element-binding protein in the Vc also increased following nerve ligation and decreased with the anti-CGRP antibody. Our results suggest that a decrease in D2R immunoreactivity reduces the effect of a D2R agonist, and transcription of D2R is activated following the ION ligation and suppressed by treatment with an anti-CGRP antibody.