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Papers of the Week

Papers: 14 May 2022 - 20 May 2022

Animal Studies, Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 May


36 Suppl 1

Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, in vitro Profiling and in vivo Evaluation in Murine Models of Pain.


Vázquez S, Codony S, Entrena JM, Jora B, González-Cano R, Loza MI, Brea J, Morisseau C, Bartra C, Sanfeliu C, Hammock BD, Cobos EJ
FASEB J. 2022 May; 36 Suppl 1.
PMID: 35567437.


Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are endogenous chemical mediators that show anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, and analgesic effects. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) converts EETs to their corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids, whereby the biological effects of EETs are modified. Therefore, inhibition of sEH has been suggested as a novel pharmacological approach for the treatment of inflammatory and pain-related disorders. Recently, we have discovered a new family of sEH inhibitors (sEHI) featuring a unique benzohomoadamantane scaffold. In a murine model of cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis, the administration of a selected candidate significantly reduced pancreatic damage and improved the health status of the animals. Herein we report further structure-activity relationships within this series of benzohomoadamantane-derived sEHI. Most of the novel derivatives were endowed with low nanomolar or even subnanomolar IC values at the human, murine and rat sEH. Further in vitro profiling (solubility, cytotoxicity, metabolic stability, selectivity, permeability, etc.) and pharmacokinetic studies permitted us to select a candidate for in vivo efficacy studies. This candidate reduced pain in the capsaicin-induced model of allodynia in a dose-dependent manner and outperformed other sEHI tested. In summary, these novel results and the previously reported studies using other families of sEHI, strongly suggest that sEH may be a target of clinical interest for managing pain. References: 1-Sun, C.-P.; Zhang, X.-Y.; Morisseau, C.; Hwang, S. H.; Zhang, Z.-J.; Hammock, B. D.; Ma, X.-C. J. Med. Chem. 2021, 64, 184-215. 2-Codony, S.; Calvó-Tusell, C.; Valverde, E.; Osuna, S.; Morisseau, C.; Loza, M.I.; Brea, J.; Pérez, C.; Rodríguez-Franco, M.I.; Pizarro-Delgado, J.; Corpas, R.; Griñán-Ferré, C.; Pallàs, M.; Sanfeliu, C.; Vázquez-Carrera, M.; Hammock, B. D.; Feixas, F.; Vázquez, S. J. Med. Chem., 2021, 64, 5429-5446. 3-McReynolds, C.; Morisseau, C.; Wagner, K.; Hammock, B. D. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 2020, 1274, 71-99.