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Papers of the Week

Papers: 14 May 2022 - 20 May 2022

Animal Studies

2022 May


36 Suppl 1

Irreversible and noncompetitive mu opioid receptor agonists.


Stahl E, Schmid CL, Acevedo-Canabal A, Read C, Grim T, Kennedy NM, Bannister TD, Bohn LM
FASEB J. 2022 May; 36 Suppl 1.
PMID: 35552911.


The ability of a ligand to preferentially promote engagement of one signaling pathway over another downstream of GPCR activation has been referred to as signaling bias, functional selectivity or biased agonism. The presentation of ligand bias reflects selectivity between active states of the receptor which may result in the display of preferential engagement with one signaling pathway over another. In this study, we provide evidence that the G protein-biased MOR agonists, SR-17018 and SR-14968 stabilize the mu opioid receptor in a wash-resistant, yet antagonist-reversible, G protein signaling state. Furthermore, we demonstrate that these structurally related biased agonists, are noncompetitive for radiolabeled MOR antagonist binding and while they stimulate G protein signaling in mouse brain, partial agonists of this class do not compete with full agonist activation. Importantly, opioid antagonists can readily reverse their effects in vivo. Given that chronic treatment with SR-17018 does not lead to tolerance in several mouse pain models, this feature may be desirable for the development of long lasting opioid analgesics that remain sensitive to antagonist reversal of respiratory suppression.