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Papers of the Week

Papers: 7 May 2022 - 13 May 2022

Animal Studies

2022 May 11



C/EBPδ-induced epigenetic changes control the dynamic gene transcription of S100a8 and S100a9.


Jauch-Speer S-L, Herrera-Rivero M, Ludwig N, Véras De Carvalho B C, Martens L, Wolf J, Imam Chasan A, Witten A, Markus B, Schieffer B, Vogl T, Rossaint J, Stoll M, Roth J, Fehler O
Elife. 2022 May 11; 11.
PMID: 35543413.


The proinflammatory alarmins S100A8 and S100A9 are among the most abundant proteins in neutrophils and monocytes but are completely silenced after differentiation to macrophages. The molecular mechanisms of the extraordinarily dynamic transcriptional regulation of and genes, however, are only barely understood. Using an unbiased genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 knockout based screening approach in immortalized murine monocytes we identified the transcription factor C/EBPδ as a central regulator of and expression. We showed that S100A8/A9 expression and thereby neutrophil recruitment and cytokine release were decreased in C/EBPδ KO mice in a mouse model of acute lung inflammation. and expression was further controlled by the C/EBPδ-antagonists ATF3 and FBXW7. We confirmed the clinical relevance of this regulatory network in subpopulations of human monocytes in a clinical cohort of cardiovascular patients. Moreover, we identified specific C/EBPδ-binding sites within and promoter regions, and demonstrated that C/EBPδ-dependent JMJD3-mediated demethylation of H3K27me is indispensable for their expression. Overall, our work uncovered C/EBPδ as a novel regulator of and expression. Therefore, C/EBPδ represents a promising target for modulation of inflammatory conditions that are characterised by and overexpression.