Endometriosis is a chronic, multisystemic disease often presenting with significant phenotypic variation amongst patients. The impact of race/ethnicity on the prevalence of endometriosis, as well as disease presentation, is a question of interest which has been explored for the last century. This narrative review explores the historical perspective of endometriosis and race/ethnicity as well as the evidence available to date. Furthermore, we discuss the potential implication of the bias perpetuated on this topic, specifically in the areas of medical education, research, and clinical care. In consideration of these intersecting realms, we suggest priorities for future consideration of race/ethnicity as it pertains to the delivery of care for endometriosis patients.