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NMC Case Rep J


Usefulness of a Curved Multiple Reconstruction Image for Transarterial Intravenous Coil Embolization of a Dural Arteriovenous Fistula of the Sphenobasal Vein: A Case Report.


Hemorrhagic isolated dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are often challenging to treat. Here, we report a case of the lateral cavernous sinus (CS) DAVF successfully treated by transarterial intravenous coil embolization using a curved multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) image assistance. A 54-year-old man presented with a severe headache and was diagnosed with subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by CSDAVF. Angiography indicated that the fistula was fed by branches of the left external carotid artery and drained into cortical veins. There were multiple shunting points at the left sphenobasal vein accompanied by varicose veins. Using curved MPR images, the left accessory meningeal artery was chosen for the endovascular approach into the affected veins, including ruptured varix. The shunt was completely occluded by detachable coils. When the curved MPR image indicates a developing feeding artery and a large shunting point, transarterial intravenous coil embolization becomes a good treatment option for CSDAVF, which has no venous access.