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Papers of the Week

Papers: 23 Apr 2022 - 29 Apr 2022

Human Studies

2022 Apr 22

J Pain

Intolerance of Uncertainty in Pediatric Chronic Pain: Dyadic Relationships between Youth and Parents.



The current study used a dyadic analytic approach (actor-partner interdependence models) to assess the stability and interrelationships of intolerance of uncertainty (IU) among a cohort of youth with chronic pain and their parents (n = 156 dyads). Relationships between parent and youth IU, parent and youth pain interference, and parent and youth internalizing mental health symptoms were examined. At baseline and follow-up, youth and parents completed psychometrically-sound questionnaires to assess their respective IU, pain characteristics, and clinical outcomes (pain interference, anxiety, depressive, and posttraumatic stress symptoms). Our findings support the construct stability of IU over time, as well as intrapersonal (i.e., actor) effects of IU on follow-up youth pain interference and mental health symptoms and parents' mental health symptoms (but not parent pain interference). There were no interpersonal (i.e., partner) effects over time between youth and parent IU or between youth and parent IU and pain interference or mental health symptoms. These findings align with previous research evidencing IU as a transdiagnostic risk factor for a range of mental health concerns and extend previous findings by showing the stability of parent and youth IU over time and its potential predictive relevance to outcomes in a clinical sample of youth with chronic pain. Perspective: This article presents dyadic analyses assessing intrapersonal and interpersonal associations between intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and pain and mental health symptoms in youth with chronic pain and their parents. Analyses evidenced short-term construct stability of IU and intrapersonal (but not interpersonal) effects of IU on pain and mental health symptoms.