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Front Neurol


Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia Caused by Venous Offending on the Ventral Side of the Root Entrance/Exit Zone: Classification and Management Strategy.


Trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) is typically caused by an offending artery (OA) but may also involve an offending vein. Venous offending on the ventral side of the root entrance/exit zone (VO-VREZ) is particularly challenging.