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Papers of the Week

2021 Aug 13

Drug Metab Pers Ther



Migraine () and its management in Unani medicine.


Riyazuddin M, Shahid A, Nagaraj R B, Alam M A
Drug Metab Pers Ther. 2021 Aug 13; 37(1):1-5.
PMID: 35385897.


Out of many disease conditions suffered by mankind since ancient ages, Migraine holds a significant position. It is derived from the word "hemi-crania" and is a type of primary headache. This disease is mentioned in the ancient scriptures dating back to the Mesopotamian era. It has been documented by Hippocrates (460-377 BC) in his treatise, further explored and explained on the basis of cause and location by Galen (131-201 AD). Later its etiopathogenesis clinical features and management was described by – (850-923 AD), an eminent Unani physician. Migraine is a disease majorly affecting one side of the head and characterized by recurrent attacks of pulsating headache, mostly associated with nausea, vomiting, photophobia and phonophobia, with or without an aura. It is triggered by noise and light, based on the brightness, intensity, wavelengths or type of light that is being emitted. According to Unani physicians, the word is derived from Arabic word meaning 'a part' or 'a side', hence the name . They describe it as a type of headache ( in which pain occurs only in one side of head, and the causative factors for it are the morbid matters and morbid vapours arising from morbid humours which are either excessive in amount, too hot or too cold. It often results due to abnormal substantial temperament giving two variants acute ( and chronic (. The treatment mainly consists of elimination of morbid matter which is accumulated in the body, and strengthening the brain using brain tonics ().