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Papers of the Week

Papers: 2 Apr 2022 - 8 Apr 2022

2022 Apr 02

Neurosci Lett

Exercise Reduces Pain Behavior and Pathological Changes in Dorsal Root Ganglia Induced by Systemic Inflammation in Mice.



Emerging research indicates that physical activity can ameliorate chronic pain, but the underlying mechanisms are still largely obscure. In particular, little is known on the mechanisms behind exercise-induced analgesia in the setting of inflammatory pain. In our previous studies on systemic inflammation in mice using lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration, we characterized satellite glial cells (SGCs) and neurons in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). We found that a week post-LPS injection, the sensitivity to mechanical stimulation was lowered, SGCs were activated and coupling among SGCs increased 3 to 4.5-fold. In the present work, we examined the effects of exercise (free wheel running) on tactile sensitivity and on pathological changes in mouse DRG in the LPS model. We found that exercise prevented tactile hypersensitivity, and also reversed thecellular changes in the DRG induced by LPS that were listed above. We propose that the analgesic effect of exercise is at least partly mediated by reversing the pathological changes in SGCs.