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Papers of the Week

2022 Feb




Pantoprazole-Associated Thrombocytopenia: A Literature Review and Case Report.


Phan AT, Tseng AW, Choudhery MW, Makar JB, Nguyen C, Farmand F
Cureus. 2022 Feb; 14(2):e22326.
PMID: 35371663.


Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly utilized in the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeds (UGIBs) due to their ability to stabilize blood clot formation. PPIs have been shown to reduce rebleeding after endoscopic hemostasis and reduce signs of bleeding at index endoscopy. While PPIs are well-tolerated and commonly administered to patients suffering from acute UGIBs, significant adverse effects may occur. Patients have reported various mild systemic symptoms during short-term PPI use, including headache, rash, dizziness, nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence, constipation, and diarrhea. In general, serious side effects of PPIs tend to be mild during treatment periods under two weeks; however, as the treatment duration increases, side effects have been observed to increase in frequency and severity. PPI-induced thrombocytopenia is an exceedingly rarely reported adverse reaction that remains largely unstudied due to the dearth of patient cases. This adverse effect continues to be a diagnosis of exclusion, and there are no current evidence-based recommendations to approach this complication. Thrombocytopenia increases the risk of rebleeding and hemodynamic instability, which may be devastating to patients suffering from UGIBs. Here, we present a case of thrombocytopenia that began after the introduction of pantoprazole in the setting of a UGIB. The thrombocytopenia resolved promptly after cessation of the medication. We highlight this case to increase awareness of this rare finding given the lack of recommendations for short-term PPI-induced thrombocytopenia.