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Papers of the Week

2022 Mar 31

Nat Prod Res

The effects of several abiotic elicitors on the expression of genes of key enzymes involved in the parthenolide biosynthetic pathway and its content in feverfew plant ( L.).


Feverfew is an herb used to treat different diseases such as migraine headaches. Due to the economic aspect of its metabolites in the pharmaceutical industry, establishing new approaches to produce the compounds on a large scale is essential. To investigate the effects of stimulators on parthenolide synthesis, feverfew plants were treated with different elicitors, including methyl jasmonate, salicylic acid, NaCl, aluminum oxide, and magnesium aluminate spinel nanoparticles. The expression of genes, E-beta-caryophyllene synthase, Germacrene A synthase, and Costunolide Synthase in the metabolite biosynthesis pathway was examined using qRT-PCR. In addition, parthenolide content, total flavonoids, and polyphenols antioxidant activity were evaluated by HPLC and spectrophotometry. Our results indicated that methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid were more effective on the final concentration of parthenolide, but magnesium aluminate spinel affected the genes' expression, positively. The results show that the elicitors can be used to increase the metabolite in the plant, commercially.