I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 26 Mar 2022 - 1 Apr 2022

2022 Mar 29

Cell Rep



Diverse roles and modulations of I in spinal cord pain circuits.


Clerc N, Moqrich A
Cell Rep. 2022 Mar 29; 38(13):110588.
PMID: 35354022.


This review highlights recent findings of different amplitude ranges, roles, and modulations of A-type K currents (I) in excitatory (GAD67-GFP) and inhibitory (GAD67-GFP) interneurons in mouse spinal cord pain pathways. Endogenous neuropeptides, such as TAFA4, oxytocin, and dynorphin in particular, have been reported to modulate I in these pain pathways, but only TAFA4 has been shown to fully reverse the opposing modulations that occur selectively in LIIo GAD67-GFP and LIIi GAD67-GFP interneurons following both neuropathic and inflammatory pain. If, as hypothesized here, Kv4 subunits underlie I in both GAD67-GFP and GAD67-GFP interneurons, then I diversity in spinal cord pain pathways may depend on the interneuron-subtype-selective expression of Kv4 auxiliary subunits with functionally different N-terminal variants. Thus, I emerges as a good candidate for explaining the mechanisms underlying injury-induced mechanical hypersensitivity.