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Papers of the Week

2022 Feb




Sigmoid Sinus Thrombosis As Complication of Otitis Media in a 3-Year-Old Boy: Case Report and Review of the Literature.



Sigmoid sinus thrombosis is a relatively rare, but severe complication of acute otitis media and mastoiditis among other conditions. We report a case of a 3-year-old boy with a history of recurrent acute otitis media which was initially partially treated with antibiotics for 1 month before his admission to our department for high fever and headache. Although initially, no signs of central nervous system (CNS) involvement were present, clinical suspicion for CNS pathology led our whole work-up to conclude the diagnosis of sigmoid sinus thrombosis. The patient was subsequently treated with intravenous antibiotics, anticoagulation therapy and also underwent myringotomy, bilateral tympanostomy tube placement, and mastoidectomy. Cerebral sinus thrombosis is a life-threatening condition that usually complicates the neglected acute otitis media or mastoiditis. Optimal treatment includes antibiotic therapy, hydration, and pain management, with the debatable role of anticoagulation therapy and mastoidectomy.