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Papers of the Week

Papers: 26 Mar 2022 - 1 Apr 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Mar 24

Brain Res

High-voltage long-duration pulsed radiofrequency attenuates neuropathic pain in CCI rats by inhibiting Cav2.2 in spinal dorsal horn and dorsal root ganglion.


Inclinicalpractice, high-voltage, long-duration pulsed radiofrequency (HL-PRF) is effective for several types of intractable neuropathic pain (NP), but the mechanisms have not been well explored. Cav2.2 channels could increase neuronal excitability and neurotransmission accompanying NP. This study investigated the relationship of the efficacy of HL-PRF on NP with the levels of Cav2.2 in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH) and dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) of chronic constriction injury (CCI) in rats. Sham HL-PRF, GVIA (a specific Cav2.2 channel blocker), HL-PRF, or GVIA + HL-PRF was applied to CCI rats. The results showed: compared with the sham group, the PWT and PWL of CCI rats decreased significantly (P < 0.05), and Cav2.2 expression was elevated significantly in the SDH and DRGs (P < 0.05). Compared with the CCI group, both HL-PRF and ω-conotoxin GVIA treatment reversed the increased PWT and PWL (P < 0.05) and downregulated the overexpression of Cav2.2 in the SDH and DRGs (P < 0.05). Furthermore, PWT, PWL, and the expression of Cav2.2 in the SDH and DRGs were not significantly different among the 3 treatment groups. HL-PRF on L DRG reversed the hyperalgesia behavior of NP and reduced the levels of Cav2.2 in the ipsilateral SDH and DRGs in CCI rats. Moreover, the underlying mechanism may be related to the downregulation of CaV2.2 protein levels in both SDH and DRG.