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Papers of the Week

Papers: 26 Mar 2022 - 1 Apr 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 Mar 18



Chemokine CXCL10 regulates pain behaviors via PI3K-AKT signaling pathway in mice.


Fang Y, Peng X, Bu H, Jia X, Gao F, Liu C
Neuropeptides. 2022 Mar 18; 93:102243.
PMID: 35344847.


The analgesic efficacy of morphine can be affected by a variety of factors. Our previous studies demonstrated that chemokine (CXC motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10) could induce algesia directly and attenuate the analgesic effect produced by a single dose of morphine. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we aimed to further investigate the mechanism of CXCL10-mediated inhibition on morphine analgesic effect. According to our findings, recombinant CXCL10 protein (rmCXCL10) could increase the phosphorylation of serine-threonine kinase AKT reduced by morphine in spinal cord. Blocking AKT activation by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor could effectively attenuate CXCL10-induced algesia, and reverse the decrease of paw withdrawal thresholds caused by the co-administration of morphine and rmCXCL10. Furthermore, rmCXCL10 could enhance the spinal expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β, which could be blocked by PI3K inhibitor. In summary, these findings suggest that PI3K-AKT signaling pathway mediates the effect of CXCL10 on the regulation of morphine analgesia and the release of cytokines in spinal cord. Our study provides a new insight into the mechanism of chemokine-relative pain regulation.