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Papers of the Week

2022 Mar 06

J Pers Med



Pericapsular Nerve Group (PENG) Block versus Supra-Inguinal Fascia Iliaca Compartment Block for Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial.


This study compared the effects of the pericapsular nerve group (PENG) block and supra-inguinal fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) on postoperative analgesia and quadriceps strength following total hip arthroplasty under general anesthesia. A total of 58 patients were randomized to receive either PENG block (PENG group) or supra-inguinal FICB (FICB group) following anesthetic induction. The primary outcomes were the postoperative pain scores. Patients were randomized to receive either PENG block or supra-inguinal FICB following anesthetic induction. Pain scores at rest and with movement were assessed preoperatively, at the postanesthesia care unit (only at rest), and at 6, 24, 36, and 48 h postoperatively. Opioid consumption was also assessed for 48 h postoperatively. Quadriceps strength measurements were performed preoperatively, at 6, 24, and 36 h postoperatively. In total, 54 patients completed the study: 27 in the PENG group and 27 in the FICB group. Despite lower pain scores at rest in the PENG group at postoperative 6 and 24 h, there were no significant differences in the pain scores at rest and during movement between the two groups during postoperative 48 h in the linear mixed model analysis ( = 0.079 and = 0.323, respectively). Cumulative opioid consumption up to postoperative 48 h was also similar in the two groups ( = 0.265). The changes in quadriceps strength measurements in the operative leg and the nonoperative leg were not significantly different between the groups ( = 0.513 and = 0.523, respectively). The PENG block may have similar analgesic efficacy to the supra-inguinal FICB. No difference was detected in the quadriceps strength between the patients receiving these two blocks.