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Papers of the Week

2022 Mar 22


[Complex regional pain syndrome-An update].


Rebhorn C, Dimova V, Birklein F
Schmerz. 2022 Mar 22.
PMID: 35316391.


Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a pain disorder that develops in the hands or feet after injury. Currently, two types are differentiated, CRPS I without and CRPS II with nerve lesions as well as with either an initially warm or an initially cold subtype, depending on the clinical symptoms. After trauma a certain amount of inflammatory reaction is considered physiological. In acute CRPS this inflammation persists for months and is maintained by diverse inflammatory mediators in peripheral tissue and in blood. This persisting inflammation leads to a sensitization of the nociceptive system, causes somatic cells to proliferate and gives rise to a disrupted endothelial function. The treatment concept aims to antagonize the pathophysiologic components and includes anti-inflammatory and analgetic treatment, mobilization and restoration of the sensorimotor function of the affected limb.