The aim of this study was to compare structural changes of corpus callosum (CC), which is the largest collection of white matter in the brain, among migraineurs and healthy controls (HC). Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) method which provides information about microscopic organization of the cell, especially white matter was used for this purpose. Fifty-one patients who were diagnosed with migraine and 44 age- and sex-matched HC were included in the study. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were noted. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements of CC genu, splenium, and body were performed for all participants. A significant difference was determined between migraine patients and HC regarding the FA values in the genu of CC (p < 0.001). When the clinical data of migraine patients and FA values in the genu of CC were analyzed via linear regression analysis, no significant finding was detected (p > 0.05). In conclusion, it can be suggested that there are microstructural changes in the CC of migraneurs; however, the clinical variable associated with this structural deterioration could not be determined.