I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2022 Feb

Ann Transl Med



Familial episodic pain syndrome: a case report and literature review.


Zhang P, Xiao F, Li X, Liang Y, Yi H, Hou M, Mou Y, Chen Z
Ann Transl Med. 2022 Feb; 10(4):238.
PMID: 35280382.


The purpose of this case report and literature review is to show that familial episodic pain syndrome (FEPS) is a non-inflammatory genetically inherited pain syndrome. A 3-year-old boy presented at our hospital with pain in both his forearms and lower limbs below the knees for more than 3 years. There were no abnormalities in the blood tests, blood smears, liver and kidney function tests, trace elements tests, cellular immunity test, humoral immunity test, autoantibody tests, C-reactive protein (CRP) test, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) test, and tumor-related and bone marrow cytology examinations. Additionally, the imaging examination results showed no abnormalities. From the patient's medical history, we found that the mother of the child had a family history of a similar disease. To date, only 21 cases of FEPS3 caused by the sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 11A (SCN11A) gene mutation have been reported. Although the age of onset is different, most of them are inherited in families. The results of the genetic examination revealed that the pain mainly came from the genetic inheritance of the maternal family line. The whole exon gene test revealed that the pain was caused by 2 heterozygous mutations of c.674G > T and c.671T > C in the gene.