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Papers of the Week

2022 Mar 01

Animals (Basel)



Ultrasound-Guided Saphenous Nerve Block in Rabbits (): A Cadaveric Study Comparing Two Injectate Volumes.


Felisberto R, Flaherty D, Tayari H
Animals (Basel). 2022 Mar 01; 12(5).
PMID: 35268193.


Ultrasound-guided (US-guided) loco-regional anesthesia techniques allow direct visualization and blockade of sensory nerves. The saphenous nerve (SN), a terminal branch of the femoral nerve (FN), is strictly a sensory nerve for which electrical locator devices are ineffective for localization as no effector muscle contractions can be evoked. US-guided SN block in species other than rabbits produces hind-limb analgesia without affecting FN motor function. The aims of this study were to develop a US-guided SN block technique in rabbits and to compare the spread obtained using two different dye volumes. Twelve hind-limbs from six cadavers (1.62 ± 0.1 kg) were included; after randomization, the SN block was performed on the right or left hind-limb, injecting 0.05 mL kg or 0.1 mL kg of tissue dye in lidocaine (1:50 :). Subsequent dissections allowed nerve staining measurements. All SNs were identified, and 19.2 ± 6.2% and 34.7 ± 16.1% of the SN length were stained using low-volume and high-volume of the dye, respectively. Regardless of the volume used, the SN was consistently stained while the motor branch of the FN was not. This US-guided technique may provide hind-limb analgesia without affecting FN motor function in rabbits undergoing mid-distal hind-limb surgeries.