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Papers of the Week

2022 Feb 24

J Clin Med



Could the New Anti-CGRP Monoclonal Antibodies Be Effective in Migraine Aura? Case Reports and Literature Review.


Recently, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) (Eptinezumab, Fremanezumab, and Galcanezumab) or its receptor (Erenumab) have been approved for clinical use as prophylactic drugs for high-frequency episodic and chronic migraine. While their therapeutic effects on headache pain is well documented, there is scarce information on the usefulness of these medications in preventing migraine aura, which is believed to be associated with cortical spreading depression (CSD). Because of their large size, mAbs cannot easily cross the blood-brain barrier in high quantities, rendering the peripheral trigeminovascular system to likely be a major site of their action. In this paper, we report two cases of patients suffering from migraine with and without aura, who reported a complete disappearance of aura or reduced aura duration and intensity while taking Galcanezumab or Erenumab, respectively. Then, we present a brief overview of the literature about the controversial relationship between CSD and CGRP and about the potential "additional central" role of these mAbs in the pathophysiology of migraine aura.