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Papers of the Week


2022 Feb


Cureus


14


2

Diabetes Status After Lateral Pancreaticojejunostomy and Frey’s Procedure in Chronic Calcific Pancreatitis: An Observational Study.

Authors

Sahoo A K, Swain N, Mohanty A K, Kar S, Rajsamant N K, Behera S K
Cureus. 2022 Feb; 14(2):e21855.
PMID: 35273837.

Abstract

Introduction Diabetes secondary to pancreatic diseases is commonly referred to as pancreatogenic diabetes or type 3c diabetes mellitus. This study was conducted to determine the status of diabetes mellitus after Frey's procedure and lateral pancreaticojejunostomy (LPJ) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic calcific pancreatitis (CCP) and to discuss the clinicopathological course as well as diabetes in CCP. Materials and methods This study was designed as a retrospective observational study consisting of 27 patients with CCP who were surgically treated either with the pancreatic head coring Frey's procedure or with LPJ. Surgeries were performed in a tertiary care hospital of Eastern India by a team of surgeons following the same surgical principle. The diagnosis of CCP was made by clinical and radiological evaluations. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scoring was used perioperatively to assess pain. Postoperatively, all the patients were monitored clinically; pain scoring and relevant investigations were done depending upon subjective and objective indications. Special attention was paid to diabetic patients through frequent follow-ups and tight glycemic control. All 27 patients were followed up with at least two outpatient follow-ups. Results The trends in fasting blood sugar values in the LPJ group showed a small spike in the early postoperative period (two weeks) with a p-value of >0.05, and later on, it improved over 18 months of follow-up, reaching below the preoperative values (mean 109.38). On the contrary, the fasting blood glucose levels in Frey's procedure revealed a significant spike in the early postoperative period (two weeks) with a mean sugar value of 148 mg/dl and a p-value of 0.01. The levels stayed well above the preoperative values over 18 months of follow-up. The trends in HbA1c showed marginal improvement in the LPJ group in a six-month follow-up period (p-value 0.008) from the preoperative levels. In Frey's procedure group, postoperative HbA1c levels at three months revealed an increase, which can be attributed to the minor but significant loss of pancreatic tissue from the head, which continued to be on the higher side at the six-month follow-up. Trends in mean insulin dosage showed a significant spike in the early postoperative period (two weeks) both in the LPJ (p-value 0.01) and Frey's procedure group (0.01); however, in the LPJ group, the insulin dose showed a reduction over the 18-month follow-up, reaching below the mean preoperative insulin dose. While in the Frey's procedure group, the postoperative insulin dose remained higher throughout the 18-month follow-up period (p-value <0.05). Conclusions LPJ has got a little effect on the diabetic status of nondiabetic patients. Frey's procedure leads to marginal deterioration of the diabetic status and increases in insulin dosage in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients.