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Papers of the Week

Papers: 12 Mar 2022 - 18 Mar 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Mar 08

Biochem Pharmacol

Effects of Heme Oxygenase 1 in the Molecular Changes and Neuropathy Associated with Type 2 Diabetes in Mice.


Pouso-Vázquez E, Bai X, Batallé G, Roch G, Pol O
Biochem Pharmacol. 2022 Mar 08:114987.
PMID: 35276215.


Painful diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes in humans. The current treatments are not completely effective, and the main mechanisms implicated in the development of diabetic neuropathy are not completely elucidated. Thus, in male db/db mice, a murine model of type 2 diabetes, we investigated the effects of treatment with a heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) inducer, cobalt protoporphyrin IX (CoPP), on the 1) hyperglycemia and mechanical allodynia associated with type 2 diabetes and 2) molecular changes induced by diabetic neuropathy in the central nervous system (CNS). Thus, we evaluated the effects of CoPP on the protein levels of 4-HNE (oxidative stress), Nrf2, superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), HO-1, glutathione S-transferase Mu 1 (GSTM1) (antioxidant enzymes), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (nociceptive pathway), CD11b/c (microglial activation), and BAX (apoptosis) in the amygdala and spinal cord of db/db mice. Our results showed the antihyperglycemic and antiallodynic effects of CoPP treatment as well as the potent antioxidant, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic properties of this HO-1 inducer in the CNS of type 2 diabetic mice. Treatment with CoPP also prevented the downregulation of several antioxidant proteins (Nrf2, SOD-1, and NQO1) and/or enhanced the protein levels of HO-1 and GSTM1 in the spinal cord and/or amygdala of db/db mice. These effects might be implicated in the antiallodynic actions of CoPP. Our findings revealed the modulatory effects of CoPP in the CNS of db/db mice and provide new prospects for novel type 2 diabetes-associated neuropathy therapies.