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Papers of the Week

Papers: 5 Mar 2022 - 11 Mar 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Mar 09

Sci Rep



Tissue accumulation of neutrophil extracellular traps mediates muscle hyperalgesia in a mouse model.


Suzuki K, Tsuchiya M, Yoshida S, Ogawa K, Chen W, Kanzaki M, Takahashi T, Fujita R, Li Y, Yabe Y, Aizawa T, Hagiwara Y
Sci Rep. 2022 Mar 09; 12(1):4136.
PMID: 35264677.


Accumulation of uric acid (UA) during muscular trauma is a factor involved in the development of muscle hyperalgesia. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), DNA-based reticular structures to capture UA, play a central role in the pain onset of gout attacks; however, the involvement of NETs via the elevation of local UA level in muscle hyperalgesia due to injuries from muscle overuse remains unknown. The triceps surae muscles (TSMs) in the unilateral hindlimb of mice were electrically stimulated to induce excessive muscle contraction. Mechanical withdrawal thresholds, tissue UA levels, neutrophil recruitment, and protein amount of citrullinated histone 3 (citH3), a major marker of NETs, were investigated. Furthermore, whether neutrophil depletion, extracellular DNA cleavage, and administration of the urate-lowering agent febuxostat improved muscle hyperalgesia caused by NET formation was examined. CitH3 expression upon neutrophil recruitment was significantly increased in the stimulated TSMs with increased tissue UA levels, whereas febuxostat administration improved muscle hyperalgesia with decreased citH3 and tissue UA levels, as observed in neutrophil depletion and extracellular DNA digestion. The underlying mechanism of muscle hyperalgesia associated with locally recruited neutrophils forming NETs due to increased tissue UA levels potentially plays a significant role in creating a vicious circle of muscle pain.