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Papers of the Week

Papers: 5 Mar 2022 - 11 Mar 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Mar 08

Cell Tissue Res

Identification of MrgprD expression in mouse enteric neurons.


Xu M, Zhang Z, Lan L
Cell Tissue Res. 2022 Mar 08.
PMID: 35258714.


Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor D (MrgprD) was first identified in small-diameter sensory neurons of mouse dorsal root ganglion (DRG). The role of MrgprD has been studied in somatosensation, especially in pain and itch response. We recently showed that MrgprD also participated in the modulation of murine intestinal motility. The treatment of MrgprD receptor agonist suppressed the spontaneous contractions in the isolated intestinal rings of mice, indicating the intrinsic expression of MrgprD in the murine gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Although the expression of Mrgprd in GI tract has been previously detected by the way of quantitative real-time PCR, the cell-type-specific expression of MrgprD in GI tract is no yet determined. Herein, we employed Mrgprd-tdTomato reporter mouse line and the whole-mount immunohistochemistry to observe the localization of MrgprD in the smooth muscle layers of ileum and colon. We show that tdTomato-positive cells colocalized with NeuN-immunostaining in the myenteric plexus in the whole-mount preparations of the ileum and the colon. Further immunohistochemistry using the commercially available MrgprD antibody revealed the expression of MrgprD in NeuN-labeled enteric neurons in the myenteric plexus. Our results demonstrate the expression of MrgprD in the enteric neurons in the murine GI tract, highlighting the implications of MrgprD in the physiology and pathophysiology of the GI tract.