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Papers of the Week

2022 Mar 03




Effect of first dorsal interosseous strengthening on clinical outcomes in patients with thumb osteoarthritis: a study protocol for a randomized controlled clinical trial.


Thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC OA) is characterized by chronic progressive degeneration of the joint cartilage, with high prevalence. Patients present with pain at the base of the thumb, morning stiffness, and muscle weakness, symptoms that affect hand function and therefore interfere in activities and social participation. Movements that involve grip or lateral pinch are the most affected and directly impact independence, self-care, and leisure activities. In the literature consulted, several protocols with exercises for these patients were found. However, most do not compare the same intervention modality and only provide basic methodological information, with no consistent information on training load and load progression. In addition, most protocols only address the strengthening of the abductor and extensor thumb muscles and pinching or grasping exercises. However, some biomechanical and electromyographic studies have demonstrated the important role of the first dorsal interosseous muscles as stabilizers of the thumb carpometacarpal joint.