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Nat Sci Sleep


The Relationship Between Postoperative Opioid Analgesia and Sleep Apnea Severity in Patients Undergoing Hip Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Controlled, Triple-Blinded Trial.



Residual postoperative pain after hip arthroplasty is usually treated with oral opioids. While classic opioids are associated with respiratory depression and worsening of sleep apnea, tramadol has been reported to preserve respiratory function. However, this has not been investigated in a prospective trial using respiratory polygraphy. This randomized controlled triple-blinded trial tested the hypothesis that postoperative treatment with oral opioids such as oxycodone would increase sleep apnea severity, measured with a respiratory polygraphy, compared with oral tramadol.