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Papers of the Week

2022 Jan 10

Pediatr Emerg Care

Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia of the Femoral Nerve in the Pediatric Emergency Department.


Heffler MA, Brant JA, Singh A, Toney AG, Harel-Sterling M, Grandjean-Blanchet C, Riera A, Khalil PA, Starr-Seal RL, Binder ZW
Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 Jan 10.
PMID: 35245015.


Femur fractures are painful, and use of systemic opioids and other sedatives can be dangerous in pediatric patients. The fascia iliaca compartment nerve block and femoral nerve block are regional anesthesia techniques to provide analgesia by anesthetizing the femoral nerve. They are widely used in adult patients and are associated with good effect and reduced opioid use. Ultrasound (US) guidance of nerve blocks can increase their safety and efficacy. We sought to report on the use and safety of US-guided regional anesthesia of the femoral nerve performed by emergency physicians for femur fractures in 6 pediatric emergency departments.