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Papers of the Week

2022 Feb 03




Therapeutic Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide Therapy in COVID-19 Patients.


Kamenshchikov NO, Berra L, Carroll RW
Biomedicines. 2022 Feb 03; 10(2).
PMID: 35203578.


The global COVID-19 pandemic has become the largest public health challenge of recent years. The incidence of COVID-19-related acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) occurs in up to 15% of hospitalized patients. Antiviral drugs currently available to clinicians have little to no effect on mortality, length of in-hospital stay, the need for mechanical ventilation, or long-term effects. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) administration is a promising new non-standard approach to directly treat viral burden while enhancing oxygenation. Along with its putative antiviral affect in COVID-19 patients, iNO can reduce inflammatory cell-mediated lung injury by inhibiting neutrophil activation, lowering pulmonary vascular resistance and decreasing edema in the alveolar spaces, collectively enhancing ventilation/perfusion matching. This narrative review article presents recent literature on the iNO therapy use for COVID-19 patients. The authors suggest that early administration of the iNO therapy may be a safe and promising approach for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. The authors also discuss unconventional approaches to treatment, continuous versus intermittent high-dose iNO therapy, timing of initiation of therapy (early versus late), and novel delivery systems. Future laboratory and clinical research is required to define the role of iNO as an adjunct therapy against bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.