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Papers of the Week

Papers: 19 Feb 2022 - 25 Feb 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development


Front Neurosci


Proanthocyanidins Inhibit the Transmission of Spinal Pain Information Through a Presynaptic Mechanism in a Mouse Inflammatory Pain Model.


Fan H, Wu Z, Zhu DY, Gu J, Xu M, Zhang M, Duan H, Li Y, Chen T
Front Neurosci. 2021; 15:804722.
PMID: 35185451.


Inflammatory pain is one of the most common symptoms of clinical pain that seriously affects patient quality of life, but it currently has limited therapeutic options. Proanthocyanidins, a group of polyphenols enriched in plants and foods, have been reported to exert anti-inflammatory pain-alleviating effects. However, the mechanism by which proanthocyanidins relieve inflammatory pain in the central nervous system is unclear. In the present study, we observed that intrathecal injection of proanthocyanidins inhibited mechanical and thermal pain sensitivity in mice with inflammatory pain induced by Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) injection. Electrophysiological results further showed that proanthocyanidins inhibited the frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents without affecting the spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents or the intrinsic properties of parabrachial nucleus-projecting neurons in the spinal cord. The effect of proanthocyanidins may be mediated by their inhibition of phosphorylated activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway molecules in dorsal root ganglia neurons. In summary, intrathecal injection of procyanidin induces an obvious anti-inflammatory pain effect in mice by inhibiting peripheral excitatory inputs to spinal neurons that send nociceptive information to supraspinal areas.