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Papers of the Week

2022 Jan




Effect of Bilateral Superficial Cervical Plexus Block on Postoperative Analgesic Consumption in Patients Undergoing Thyroid Surgery.


Purpose Patients complain of moderate-intensity pain following thyroid surgery. Superficial cervical plexus block (SCPB) can be employed as a component of multimodal analgesia after thyroid surgery. This double-blind, randomized study aimed to compare the effects of bilateral SCPB (BSCPB) on postoperative analgesic requirements following thyroid surgery. Methods A total of 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II patients who underwent elective total thyroidectomy under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to Group 1 and Group 2. After inducing general anesthesia, BSCPB was not administered to Group 1, whereas BSCPB was administered using a three-point injection technique with 0.5% levobupivacaine in Group 2. Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was applied by using tramadol in both groups for postoperative analgesia. Tenoxicam was administered as rescue analgesic to patients in case of numeric rating scale (NRS) >4. The postoperative consumption of tramadol, rescue analgesic requirement, and hoarseness, hematoma, signs of local anesthetic toxicity were recorded. Results The consumption of tramadol for PCA at two, six, 12, and 24 hours postoperatively, NRS scores in the recovery room, and the number of patients who used tenoxicam as rescue analgesic were significantly lower in Group 2 than in Group 1. The hemodynamic values were similar between the groups. Conclusions Our study demonstrates that BSCPB, when applied as a component of multimodal analgesia, is an effective method for reducing the analgesic requirements following thyroid surgery.