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Papers of the Week

2022 Jan




An Unusual Presentation of Obstructive Jaundice Due to Dilated Proximal Small Bowel Loops After Gastrojejunostomy: Afferent Loop Syndrome.


Afferent loop syndrome is reported to be one of the very rare complications after gastrojejunostomy. The usual presentation in patients is with abdominal pain, distension and vomiting. It may present acutely because of complete obstruction, usually occurs early after surgery and is lethal in its course unless treated promptly with surgical management. In chronic cases obstruction is intermittent. There may be a reflux of bowel material into the biliary system and because of bacterial overgrowth patient may present with ascending cholangitis and obstructive jaundice. Here we report a case of 43-year-old gentleman presenting with jaundice, diffuse abdominal pain and distension. Later on, he was found to have a recurrence of gastric carcinoma associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis after subtotal gastrectomy and gastrojejunostomy for gastric carcinoma one year ago. He was diagnosed to be a case of afferent loop syndrome presenting as obstructive jaundice. The patient was managed conservatively by endoscopic decompression after confirmation of the diagnosis of afferent loop syndrome.