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Papers: 12 Feb 2022 - 18 Feb 2022

2022 Feb 11

Sci Rep



Pre-emptive analgesia with methylprednisolone and gabapentin in total knee arthroplasty in the elderly.



The aim of this study is to assess whether administration of gabapentin and methylprednisolone as "pre-emptive analgesia" in a group of patients above 65 years of age would be effective in complex pain management therapy following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). One hundred seventy patients above 65 years were qualified for the study, with exclusion of 10 patients due to clinical circumstances. One hundred sixty patients were randomly double-blinded into two groups: the study group (80 patients) and the control group (80 patients). The study group received as "pre-emptive" analgesia a single dose of 300 mg oral (PO) gabapentin and 125 mg intravenous (IV) methylprednisolone, while the control received a placebo. All patients received opioid and non-opioid analgesic agents perioperatively calculated for 1 kg of total body weight. We measured (1) pain intensity level at rest (numerical rating scale, NRS), (2) life parameters, (3) levels of inflammatory markers (leukocytosis, C reactive protein CRP), and (4) all complications. Following administration of gabapentin and methylprednisolone as "pre-emptive" analgesia, the NRS score at rest was calculated at 6, 12 (p < 0.000001), 18 (p < 0.00004) and 24 (p = 0.005569) h postoperatively. Methylprednisolone with gabapentin significantly decreased the dose of parenteral opioid preparations (p = 0.000006). The duration time of analgesia was significantly longer in study group (p < 0.000001), with CRP values lower on all postoperative days (1, 2 days-p < 0.00001, 3 days-p = 0.00538), and leukocytosis on day 2 (p < 0.0086) and 3 (p < 0.00042). No infectious complications were observed in the first postoperative days; in the control group, one patient manifested transient ischemic attack (TIA). The use of gabapentin and methylprednisolone as a single dose decreased the level of postoperative pain on the day of surgery, the dose of opioid analgesic preparations, and the level of inflammatory parameters without infectious processes.