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Front Surg


Internal Maxillary Artery-Radial Artery-Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass and STA-MCA Bypass for the Treatment of Complex Middle Cerebral Artery Bifurcation Aneurysm: A Case Report.


Children's complex middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysm is a relatively rare occurrence. When the huge aneurysm is located in the MCA bifurcation with an inconspicuous neck and involving numerous arteries, intravascular interventional surgery or aneurysm clipping are often difficult treatment options. At this point, high flow bypass revascularization is necessary as a treatment to preserve cerebral blood flow. In recent years, the internal maxillary artery (IMA) has gradually become the mainstream donor artery of thw high flow bypass. We performed internal maxillary artery -radial artery-middle cerebral artery (IMA-RA-MCA) and superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass as the treatment of a complex MCA bifurcation aneurysm in consideration of the patient's condition and the advantage of the IMA. According to the author, this case is the youngest reported case of IMA-RA-MCA bypass at present.