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Papers of the Week

2022 Feb 10


Staphylococcus aureus controls eicosanoid and specialized pro-resolving mediator production via lipoteichoic acid.


Miek L, Jordan PM, Günther K, Pace S, Beyer T, Kowalak D, Hoerr V, Löffler B, Tuchscherr L, Serhan CN, Gerstmeier J, Werz O
Immunology. 2022 Feb 10.
PMID: 35143048.


Staphylococcus aureus causes severe infections associated with inflammation, such as sepsis or osteomyelitis. Inflammatory processes are regulated by distinct lipid mediators (LM) but how their biosynthetic pathways are orchestrated in S. aureus infections is elusive. We show that S. aureus strikingly modulates pro-inflammatory but also inflammation-resolving LM pathways in murine osteomyelitis and osteoclasts as well as in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) with different phenotype. Targeted LM metabololipidomics using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry revealed massive generation of LM with distinct LM signature profiles in acute and chronic phases of S. aureus-induced murine osteomyelitis in vivo. In human MDM, S. aureus elevated cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1), but impaired levels of 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1), with respective changes in LM signature profiles initiated by these enzymes, i.e., elevated PGE and impaired specialized pro-resolving mediators, along with reduced M2-like phenotypic macrophage markers. The cell wall component lipoteichoic acid (LTA) mimicked the impact of S. aureus elevating COX-2/mPGES-1 expression via NF-κB and p38 MAPK signalling in MDM, while the impairment of 15-LOX-1 correlates with reduced expression of Lamtor1. In conclusion, S. aureus dictates LM pathways via LTA resulting in a shift from anti-inflammatory M2-like towards pro-inflammatory M1-like LM signature profiles.