Osteoarthritis (OA) of the shoulder and hip is a leading cause of physical disability and mental distress. Traditional nonsurgical management alone is often unable to completely address the associated chronic joint pain. Moreover, a large number of patients are not eligible for joint replacement surgery owing to comorbidities or cost. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of articular sensory nerve fibers can disrupt the transmission of nociceptive signals by neurolysis, thereby providing long-term pain relief. A subtype of RFA, cooled RFA (CRFA), utilizes internally cooled electrodes to generate larger ablative zones compared with standard RFA techniques. Given the complex variable innervation of large joints such as the glenohumeral and hip joints, a larger ablative treatment zone, such as that provided by CRFA, is desired to capture a greater number of afferent nociceptive fibers. The suprascapular, axillary, and lateral pectoral nerve articular sensory branches are targeted during CRFA of the glenohumeral joint. The obturator and femoral nerve articular sensory branches are targeted during CRFA of the hip. CRFA is a promising tool in the interventionalist's arsenal for management of OA-related pain and symptoms, particularly in patients who cannot undergo, have long wait times until, or have persistent pain following joint replacement surgery. . RSNA, 2022.