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Papers of the Week

Papers: 5 Feb 2022 - 11 Feb 2022

2022 Mar

Gastroenterol Clin North Am



Endometriosis and Pelvic Pain for the Gastroenterologist.


Singh SS, Missmer SA, Tu FF
Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2022 Mar; 51(1):195-211.
PMID: 35135662.


Endometriosis, affecting 5-10% of reproductive-age women, is a common contributor to dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain. Diagnosis requires laparoscopic tissue biopsy, but careful pelvic examination, and/or imaging with either ultrasound or MRI, may identify patients who should receive empiric first-line therapy. The presence of dyschezia, particularly with cyclical exacerbation, should raise suspicion for bowel or rectovaginal septum involvement, and a greater need for surgical management. Treatment of dysmenorrhea includes hormonal suppression of the menstrual cycle, and/or analgesics; more severe cases with strong pain and disability may require earlier surgical intervention to excise disease while preserving fertility desires.