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Papers of the Week


J Healthc Eng


Healthcare and Scientific Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis.


Wang H, Ma B
J Healthc Eng. 2022; 2022:5919686.
PMID: 35126931.


Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease companied with chronic knee pain and dysfunction. However, the etiology and pathogenesis of knee osteoarthritis were unclear. Currently, age, diet, trauma, obesity, and inheritance are the main risk factors. The major pathological hallmarks of knee osteoarthritis included subchondral bone sclerosis, articular cartilage degeneration, arthrosynovitis, and osteophyte. With the acceleration of the aging process in China, the treatment of knee arthritis and the methods to improve the quality of life have become the focus of medical staff. Currently, therapies in clinical practice include surgery and nonoperative treatment; however, the clinical effects of different individuals at different stages will still be very different. This article reviews the recent advances in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis from three aspects: nonsurgical treatment, surgical treatment, and modern new medical means.