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Papers of the Week

2021 Oct-Dec

Rom J Ophthalmol



Rhino-orbital mucormycosis: Our experiences with clinical features and management in a tertiary care center.


Singh S P, Rana J, Singh V K, Singh R, Sachan R, Singh S, Jain S
Rom J Ophthalmol. 2021 Oct-Dec; 65(4):339-353.
PMID: 35087975.


To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and elaborate our experiences with diagnosis and treatment of patients with mucormycosis, enabling a better understanding of the disease and its management. This is a case series of patients with Covid-19 associated with Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis, managed in our tertiary care center from April 2021 to June 2021. Six cases of Covid-19 associated with Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis have been analyzed in the study. The mean age of patients was 40.67 years with a male preponderance (83.3%). The most common complaint was headache (100%), while a minority (33%) came with ocular complaints. All the patients either had a previous history of diabetes mellitus or developed increased blood sugar levels following Covid infection, and were kept on insulin to control their blood sugar levels. 4 patients (66.67%) had a history of corticosteroid use during Covid-19 hospitalization. Treatment included intravenous liposomal Amphotericin B (100%), functional endoscopic sinus surgery (66.67%), maxillectomy (33.33%) and transcutaneous retrobulbar liposomal Amphotericin B (33.33%). Amphotericin B induced nephrotoxicity, which was seen in 1 patient (16.67%). Mortality occurred in only one patient (16.67%), 25 days following successful surgery. Diabetes Mellitus is the most important predisposing factor for the development of Covid-19 associated Rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis. Early presentation, prompt diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment with liposomal Amphotericin B and surgical debridement along with strict blood sugar control can lead to a favorable outcome. However, regular follow-up and monitoring of serum electrolytes and kidney profile must be ensured for such patients.