Arboviruses primarily consist of RNA, which favours greater genetic plasticity, with a higher frequency of mutations that allow the virus to adapt to different hosts. The initial symptomatology is nonspecific, in that the patient can present fever, myalgia, arthralgia, rash and headache. This makes a clinical diagnosis using laboratory tests difficult and time-consuming. In Brazil, the main arboviruses involved in epidemics belong to the family . The patient in this case is from the municipality of São Bernardo do Campo, an area endemic for arboviruses. He presented symptoms of fever, myalgia and headache.