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Papers of the Week

2021 Apr-Jun

Rom J Morphol Embryol



Bimalleolar pathological fracture in a patient with chronic tophaceous gout.


Irsay L, Perja D G, Kamal K C, Trăistaru M R, Kamal D, Ciortea V M, Popa T, Borda I M, Ungur R A, Ciubean A D
Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2021 Apr-Jun; 62(2):599-603.
PMID: 35024751.


Gout is one of the most common types of inflammatory arthritis. Four stages have been described in its evolution: asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis, intercritical gout and chronic tophaceous gout. Monosodium urate crystals deposits are more frequently encountered in hyaline cartilage, tendon sheaths, articular bursae, bone epiphysis, synovium, and skin. Pathological fractures that occur at the formation sites of gout tophi have been rarely described in gout. Bimalleolar fractures often occur following a trauma. We present the case of a 56-year-old patient, diagnosed with chronic gout for over 12 years, with tophi in the upper and lower limbs, who presented accusing mechanical pain in the left tibio-tarsal joint and impaired function of the hands. The clinical examination showed bilateral multiple destructive gout tophi in the hands, forearms, elbows, feet, ankles, and lower legs, while the left ankle exhibited an important varus deformity. Computed tomography examination of the left ankle showed multiple gout tophi with bone erosions and a bimalleolar pathological fracture. The patient underwent pharmacological treatment, physical therapy and the ankle was immobilized in a knee-ankle-foot orthosis, with subsequent orthopedic surgical treatment for fracture fixation, to improve functional status. We have chosen to present this case given the multiple disabilities of the patient, which have improved following the rehabilitation treatment.