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Papers of the Week

2021 Dec




Laparoscopic Repair of Catheter-Induced Intra-Peritoneal Bladder Perforation.


Sayedin H, Datta S, Keoghane S
Cureus. 2021 Dec; 13(12):e20096.
PMID: 35003952.


Urinary bladder is the most common urologic organ exposed to iatrogenic injury. The bladder trauma is classified into extra-peritoneal, intra-peritoneal, or combined trauma. Intra-peritoneal bladder injury is conventionally being treated with open surgical repair, mainly to explore the abdominal viscera for possible associated injuries and to insert peritoneal drain. One rare form of the iatrogenic bladder injury is catheter-related bladder injury which is very uncommon and only few cases were reported. It is mainly related to other associated medical conditions like cancer and chronic catheterization which might be causing subsequent bladder wall weakness. Therefore, it is important to collect more data about this rare type of bladder injury, particularly urethral catheterization which is one of the most common medical procedures. We present a 74-year-old male patient who developed acute kidney injury and was treated by urethral catheterization in the emergency department. The patient developed immediately severe abdominal pain. Non-contrast CT showed intra-peritoneal bladder perforation by the urethral catheter. The patient developed peritonitis and failed a trial of conservative management. Consequently, laparoscopic abdominal exploration and bladder repair was performed successfully.