I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2022 Jan 07

Heart Vessels

Proper use of fentanyl facilitates anesthesia during pulmonary vein isolation.


Takamatsu S, Tachibana M, Ii N, Hasui Y, Matsumoto K, Banba K
Heart Vessels. 2022 Jan 07.
PMID: 34993585.


Although intraoperative anesthetic management of extensive encircling pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is essential for the safe performance of this procedure, there is no standardized approach for the use of sedation and analgesia. Therefore, the present study aimed to clarify the optimal fentanyl dosage and timing of administration for the anesthetic management during PVI. A total of 364 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who underwent PVI at our institution between June 2017 and October 2020 were recruited. All patients were anesthetized with propofol for induction and maintenance under controlled ventilation via the supraglottic airway without neuromuscular blocking drugs. Among them, 234 patients received less frequent injections (Group 1) and 130 received a scheduled injection of 50 mg of fentanyl (Group 2) in addition to propofol during PVI. We compared the total and additional propofol doses, frequency of additional propofol, and procedure time between the two groups. The mean patient age was 67.2 years, and 69% were male. The total propofol dose was significantly lower in Group 2 than in Group 1 (17.0 ± 5.2 mg/kg vs. 19.0 ± 5.5 mg/kg, p < 0.01). The loading dose and frequency of additional propofol were also significantly lower in Group 2 than in Group 1. The procedure time was significantly shorter in Group 2 than in Group 1 (119 ± 36 min vs. 132 ± 31 min, p < 0.01). During PVI, proper use of fentanyl decreased the propofol dose, additional propofol frequency, and procedure time.