I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2022 Jan 07

Infect Disord Drug Targets

Therapeutic Status of Famotidine in COVID-19 Patients: A Review.


Mohseni M, Raissi V, Sharifan Y, Barikro K, Amiri S, Mohseni M S, Raeisi F, Masoumi K, Khodakarami S, Raiesi O
Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2022 Jan 07.
PMID: 34994318.


The novel coronavirus, SARS-coV-2, which emerged in Wuhan in November 2019, has increasingly spread worldwide. More than 272 million cases of infection have been identified. COVID-19 affects 223 countries and territories across the world. The principal target of the SARS-CoV-2 infection is the lower respiratory tract. Series of moderate to non-specific severe clinical signs and symptoms that appear two to fourteen days after exposure to SARS-CoV-2 can occur in patients with COVID-19 disease. There is cough, breath deficiency, and at least two of these symptoms: headache, fever, chills, repeated rigor, myalgia, oropharyngitis, anosmia, and ageusia. No therapeutic agents have been validated to have substantial efficacy in the clinical care of COVID-19 patients in large-scale trials, despite worsening infected rates in COVID-19. Early clinical evidence from many sources suggests that treatment with famotidine may decrease COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality. The mechanism by which famotidine could improve the outcomes of COVID-19 is currently unknown. A more recent postulated mechanism is that the effect of famotidine is mediated by histamine-2 receptor antagonism or inverse agonism, inferring that the SARS-CoV-2, resulting in COVID-19 infection at least partially leads to the abnormal release of histamine and perhaps dysfunction of mast cells.