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Papers of the Week

2021 Nov




Surgical Management of Thoracolumbar Scoliosis Secondary to Hip Joint Ankylosis and Severe Pelvic Obliquity.


Iwai C, Fushimi K, Nozawa S, Kato K, Miyagawa T, Takigami I, Akiyama H
Cureus. 2021 Nov; 13(11):e19744.
PMID: 34938622.


We report a rare case of a rigid spinal deformity with severe pelvic obliquity (PO) resulting from hip ankylosis caused by childhood tuberculosis (TB). A 66-year-old woman presented with left knee pain, chronic low back pain, and fatigability during walking. She presented with leg length discrepancy (LLD) due to an ankylosed right hip joint, severe PO, and secondary lumbar scoliosis. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and adductor tendonectomy were performed prior to spine surgery, and posterior spinal correction and fusion were performed from T10 to the pelvis. Prior to spinal correction surgery, we predicted that it would be impossible to make the pelvis perfectly horizontal. Therefore, we positioned a prosthetic acetabular cup at a small inclination angle at the upper limit of anteversion; spinal correction and fusion were then performed. Her symptoms including fatigability during walking resolved and the sagittal spinal balance on standing improved dramatically. The preoperative and postoperative values of the thoracolumbar Cobb angle was 40° and 25°, lumbosacral Cobb angle was 60° and 14°, C7 plumb line shift was 24 and 0 mm, pelvic tilt was 15° and 19°, lumbar lordosis (LL) was 23° and 60°, pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis (PI-LL) was 38° and 1°, the sagittal vertical axis was 80 and 0 mm, and PO was 28° and 15°, respectively. We present a case of rigid spinal deformity accompanied by hip joint ankylosis and PO. Performing THA prior to spinal correction surgery is an alternative and feasible option for the treatment of this challenging pathology.