At present, the mechanism of siSCN9A in Vincristine (VCR)-induced neuropathic pain (NP) is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the analgesic mechanism of lentivirus-siSCN9A (LV-siSCN9A) infected neurons against NP. 40 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into a control group (injected with normal saline), a model group (VCR-induced NP model), a LV-SC group (NP model mice were injected with LV-SC-infected dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neuron cells under the microscope), and a LV-siSCN9A group (NP model mice were injected with LV-siSCN9A-infected DRG neuron cells under the microscope, with 10 rats in each group. The changes of mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of rats in different groups were detected by behavior testing, the Nav1.7 changes in each group were detected by immunofluorescence double standard and Western-blot method. It was found that compared with the control group, the MWT and TWL of the rats in model group were significantly decreased ( < 0.05), and the expression levels of Nav1.7 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and proteins were significantly increased ( < 0.05). Compared with LV-SC group, the MWT and TWL of rats in LV-siSCN9A group were significantly increased ( < 0.05), the expression levels of Nav1.7 mRNA and proteins were significantly decreased ( < 0.05), and the CGRP expression of spinal dorsal horn was significantly decreased. It was concluded that the LV-siSCN9A infected neurons could play an analgesic role by down-regulating Nav1.7 expression induced by VCR in NP model.