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Papers of the Week

Papers: 11 Dec 2021 - 17 Dec 2021

Animal Studies

2021 Jan-Dec

Mol Pain


Endothelin receptor type A is involved in the development of oxaliplatin-induced mechanical allodynia and cold allodynia acting through spinal and peripheral mechanisms in rats.



Oxaliplatin, a platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent, frequently causes severe neuropathic pain typically encompassing cold allodynia and long-lasting mechanical allodynia. Endothelin has been shown to modulate nociceptive transmission in a variety of pain disorders. However, the action of endothelin varies greatly depending on many variables, including pain causes, receptor types (endothelin type A (ET) and B (ET) receptors) and organs (periphery and spinal cord). Therefore, in this study, we investigated the role of endothelin in a Sprague-Dawley rat model of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain. Intraperitoneal administration of bosentan, a dual ET/ET receptor antagonist, effectively blocked the development or prevented the onset of both cold allodynia and mechanical allodynia. The preventive effects were exclusively mediated by ET receptor antagonism. Intrathecal administration of an ET receptor antagonist prevented development of long-lasting mechanical allodynia but not cold allodynia. In marked contrast, an intraplantar ET receptor antagonist had a suppressive effect on cold allodynia but only had a partial and transient effect on mechanical allodynia. In conclusion, ET receptor antagonism effectively prevented long-lasting mechanical allodynia through spinal and peripheral actions, while cold allodynia was prevented through peripheral actions.