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Papers of the Week

2021 Dec 03

Int J Mol Sci



Identification of New Compounds with Anticonvulsant and Antinociceptive Properties in a Group of 3-substituted (2,5-dioxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)(phenyl)-Acetamides.


Abram M, Jakubiec M, Rapacz A, Mogilski S, Latacz G, Szulczyk B, Szafarz M, Socała K, Nieoczym D, Wyska E, Wlaź P, Kamiński RM, Kamiński K
Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Dec 03; 22(23).
PMID: 34884898.


We report herein a series of water-soluble analogues of previously described anticonvulsants and their detailed in vivo and in vitro characterization. The majority of these compounds demonstrated broad-spectrum anticonvulsant properties in animal seizure models, including the maximal electroshock (MES) test, the pentylenetetrazole-induced seizure model (PTZ), and the psychomotor 6 Hz (32 mA) seizure model in mice. Compound showed the most robust anticonvulsant activity (ED MES = 49.6 mg/kg, ED 6 Hz (32 mA) = 31.3 mg/kg, EDPTZ = 67.4 mg/kg). Notably, it was also effective in the 6 Hz (44 mA) model of drug-resistant epilepsy (ED = 63.2 mg/kg). Apart from favorable anticonvulsant properties, compound revealed a high efficacy against pain responses in the formalin-induced tonic pain, the capsaicin-induced neurogenic pain, as well as in the oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain in mice. Moreover, compound showed distinct anti-inflammatory activity in the model of carrageenan-induced aseptic inflammation. The mechanism of action of compound is likely complex and may result from the inhibition of peripheral and central sodium and calcium currents, as well as the TRPV1 receptor antagonism as observed in the in vitro studies. This lead compound also revealed beneficial in vitro ADME-Tox properties and an in vivo pharmacokinetic profile, making it a potential candidate for future preclinical development. Interestingly, the in vitro studies also showed a favorable induction effect of compound on the viability of neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.